The magnetic properties of a solid are the result of the magnetic property of the atoms or ions of these solids. More specifically the magnetism and magnetization of a solid will depend on the movement of electrons in an atom. It can thus be said that each electron of an atom behaves like a magnet, lending the whole solid its magnetic property.
This magnetic behaviour of the electrons of an atom is due to the movement patterns. They have specifically two types of movements,
- Electrons revolve around the nucleus of the atom
- Electrons also spin on their own axis, spins in opposite sides are labelled with + and – signs.